When the thyroid gland is underactive or hypothyroid, your body cannot produce enough thyroid hormones to meet its needs.The thyroid is a small gland in the front of your neck that reflects a butterfly. Thyroid hormones influence nearly every organ in your body, including how quickly your heart beats, because they control how your body uses energy. It is very important to consume a healthy diet for hypothyroidism to manage your Thyroid
Here is a complete guide on hypothyroidism, including its causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options.
Causes of Hypothyroid
In the US, the most typical cause of hypothyroid is autoimmune thyroiditis, also known as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. When the thyroid gland is attacked by the immune system, inflammation and damage result.
There are many different causes of hypothyroid, including:
- Thyroid surgery: Hypothyroid will result from surgically removing the thyroid gland.
- Radiation therapy: If the thyroid gland is exposed to radiation, the thyroid cells may be damaged, which can result in hypothyroid.
- Congenital hypothyroid: This uncommon condition manifests at birth. It happens when the thyroid gland is absent or develops improperly.
- Medication: A number of drugs, including lithium and amiodarone, can affect thyroid function and result in hypothyroid.
Symptoms of Hypothyroidism
The symptoms of hypothyroid can vary from person to person, and may include:
- Fatigue and weakness
- Weight gain
- Cold intolerance
- Dry skin and hair
- Hair loss
- Memory problems
- Menstrual irregularities
- Muscle aches and stiffnes
Lifestyle changes for Hypothyroidism
In addition to medication, there are several lifestyle changes that can help manage hypothyroid, including
Eating a balanced diet can give your body the vitamins and minerals it needs to function properly. A balanced diet should be high in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
- Exercise: Engaging in regular exercise can help you feel more energised and improve your general health.
- Management of stress: Since stress can impair thyroid function, it’s critical to find ways to control stress, such as practicing deep breathing, yoga, or meditation.
- Avoiding certain foods: Some foods, such as soy, some vegetables (such as broccoli and cabbage), and high-fiber foods, can interfere with thyroid function.
Managing your thyroid can also be done by consuming a healthy diet for Hypothyroidism
Healthy diet for hypothyroidism
Here we have some list of healthy diet for hypothyroidism
- Iodine-rich foods: Iodine is necessary for the formation of thyroid hormones. Seaweed, iodized salt, fish, and dairy products are all great sources.
- Selenium-rich foods: Another essential mineral for thyroid function is selenium. Nutrient foods include Brazil nuts, eggs, tuna, sardines, and mushrooms.
- Foods high in fibre: Since constipation is a common symptom of hypothyroidism, eating a lot of foods high in fibre will help to encourage regular bowel movements. Fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes are healthy diet for hypothyroidism
- Lean protein: Consuming enough protein is crucial for preserving muscle mass and promoting metabolism. Lean protein is found in foods like chicken, turkey, fish, tofu, and beans are the healthy diet for hypothyroidism
- Anti-inflammatory foods: Some hypothyroid patients may also have Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, an autoimmune disease that can lead to inflammation. Inflammation may be decreased by eating a diet high in anti-inflammatory foods, such as fruits, vegetables, nuts, and fatty fish.are the most healthy diet for hypothyroidism
foods to avoid if you have hypothyroidism
- Soy: Phytoestrogens found in soy may prevent the production of thyroid hormones.
- Cruciferous vegetables: Goitrogens, which can prevent the thyroid from producing hormones, are found in vegetables like broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, and Brussels sprouts
- Gluten: Some hypothyroidism sufferers may be sensitive to gluten, which can make their symptoms worse.
- Foods that have been processed: Processed foods frequently contain high levels of sugar, salt, and unhealthy fats that can lead to weight gain and inflammation, both of which can exacerbate the symptoms of hypothyroidism.
- Sugary foods: Consuming sugary foods and beverages can result in blood sugar swings and crashes, which can lower energy levels and exacerbate the symptoms of hypothyroidism.
- Alcohol: Alcohol can cause inflammation and interfere with the thyroid’s ability to produce hormones.